Let’s explore top ten attractive temples worldwide
1. Haeinsa, Korea
Situated in Mount Kaya, Haeinsa temple is one of Buddhist temples playing the most important role in Korea. This temple was first built in 802 and after being devastated entirely by fire in 1817, it was rebuilt in 1818. Haeinsa temple is well-known not only for its outstanding architecture but for the Tripitaka Koreana –a Korean collection of the ancient wooden Buddhist carvings as well. When it comes to Haeinsa temple, almost Korean people think about Tripitaka Koreana as this wooden carving collection is the most complete and ancient Buddhist scriptures all over the world. It is officially recognized as World Heritage by UNESCO in 1995.
Located on the bank of Chao Phraya River belonging to Nakhon Sawan province, Thailand, Wat Arun, also known as Wat Chaeng, is one of the most beautiful and ancient Buddhist temples as well as the most attractive tourist site in Bangkok. This temple is one of the architectural representations of Mount Meru stemming from India. Although Wat Arun also has another name “Temple of Dawn”, sunset is the most preferred scenery of temple.
In the dialect of Laos, the name of this temple-Pha Tha Luang means the Great Tower or Sacred Tower. Built in 1566 under the reign of King Setthathirat (1534-1572) in the shape of golden wine bottle, it is one of the most important relics in Vientiane. In 1828, Pha Tha Luong Temple was destroyed during the invasion of the Thai and in 1931, it was rebuilt by French.
Located in the heart of the ancient city of Lhasa in Barkhor, Tibet, Jokhang is the sacred Buddhism temple attracting thousands of Buddhist pilgrims and foreigners annually. The temple’s architecture is combined between the one of India, Nepal and Tang Dynasty. It is included on UNESCO’s World Heritage list in 2000.
Built in Nara city, Japan by King Shomu, Todaiji Temple (Great Eastern Temple) is rated as the world’s largest wooden temple and become one of the most important Buddhist sites in Japan. This temple possesses many unique architectural works that one day is not enough to visit all, for example, Sanmon gate-the largest gate in Japan, Nigatsudo Hall-the site held the spectacular Omizutori ceremonies, Hokkedo Hall-one of the oldest surviving structures in the temple complex, ect. At present, the sophisticated carvings and hundreds of rare relics and artifacts are stored in the temple. Todaiji temple is listed by UNESCO as “the historical monument complex of Nara”.
6. Boudhanath temple in Nepal
Boudhanath, located on the outskirts of Kathmandu-the capital of Nepal, is one of the largest stupas all over the world. Considered to be home to many refugees from Tibet who settled for decades, it also is the center of Tibetan Buddhism in Nepal as well as a famous tourist attraction around the world. With the height of 36 meters, the white temple highlights between the ring of 108 Amitabha Buddha images.
7. Mahabodhi in India
Being a Buddhist pyramid, Mahabodhi is situated in Bodh Gaya, Bihar, India. The Bodhi Tree is next to the temple to the west. To commemorate the Buddha’s enlightenment in Bodh Gaya, Emperor Asoka built this temple but it no longer exists now. In 2002, Mahabodhi was listed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
8. Shwedagon temple in Myanmar
Located at the top of Singuttara Hill in Yangon, Shwedagon Pagoda (also known as Golden Temple)is the pride of Myanmar people and the most sacred temple in this country. Shwedagon pagoda, built in the 6th to 10th centuries, is one of the most well-known religious architectural works all over the world. The highlight of the Golden Temple complex is the giant central tower of 99 meters height, covered with 9,300 gold leaves with a total weight of 500kg of pure gold. This Golden Temple glistens like a sun at under the sun or even at night.
9. Bagan in Myanmar
Spreading throughout the plains of the romantic Ayerwaddy River, Bagan – the ancient capital of Myanmar is home to the most famous and unique temples and architectural works in Southeast Asia. Many of them are well-known worldwide. Being the architectural complex with more than 4,400 great religious works including Shwezigon- the oldest temple, Ananda- the most beautiful temple, ect, Bagan is the most sacred pride of Myanmar people.
10. Borobudur temple in Indonesia
Built in the 8th and 9th centuries of the Sailendra dynasty, Borobudur temple is one of the world finest and most elaborate Buddhist wonders. In 1991, Borobudur was recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.